The diagnosis of HE makes it difficult for many to get proper treatment and insurance coverage.
There are so many unanswered questions:
What causes HE?
What is Sero Negative AE?
Why do many of us have so many other medical and autoimmune conditions?
Why the high thyroid antibodies?
Why do some of us respond to certain immunesuppresives and not others?
Why do some have relapse remitting and some full onset HE?
Why don't we have a detectable antibody?
Hopefully we will soon have the answers to these questions
with more research.
Autoimmune encephalitis: proposed best practice recommendations for diagnosis and acute management, H. Abboud, AE Alliance Clinicians Network 2021
CaVα2δ Autoimmune Encephalitis: A Novel Antibody and its Characteristics, Soon‐Tae Lee MD, PhD, et al. 2021
Neuronal Surface Antibody-Medicated Autoimmune Encephalitis (Limbic Encephalitis) in China: A Multiple-Center, Retrospective Study, Wei Shan, et al. 2021
An Australian State-Based Cohort Study of Autoimmune Encephalitis Cases Detailing Clinical Presentation, Investigation Results, and Response to Therapy, Andrew Swayne, et al. 2021
Case Report: Anti-NMDAR Encephalitis With Anti-MOG CNS Demyelination After Recurrent CNS Demyelination, Bing-Yan Ren, et al. 2021
Autoimmune encephalitis: clinical spectrum and management, S. Irani, et al 2021
An observational study on the association of anti-thyroid autoantibodies with clinical, EEG, MRI, FDG-PET, cerebrospinal fluid and anti-neuronal antibody findings in 530 patients with schizophreniform and affective disorders, D. Endres, et al 2021
Immunotherapy in Probable Autoimmune Encephalitis Without Detected Autoantibody, Woo-Jin Lee, let al. 2020
SOP: antibody-associated autoimmune encephalitis, H. Prüss, et al. 2020
Cognitive impact of neuronal antibodies: encephalitis and beyond, T. A. Pollak, et al. 2020
Rituximab for Autoimmune Encephalitis with Epilepsy, Mohankumar Kurukumbi, et al. 2020
Update on the diagnosis and management of autoimmune encephalitis, Mark A Ellul, et al. 2020
The Diagnostic Challenge of Seronegative Autoimmune Encephalitis With Super-Refractory Status Epilepticus, V. Jahagirdar, et al. 2020
Seronegative autoimmune encephalitis, A. Memon, et al. 2020
Differences and diversity of autoimmune encephalitis in 77 cases from a single tertiary care center , A. Saraya, et al. 2019
Editorial: Emerging Challenges in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Autoimmune Encephalitis, M. Blaabjerg, et al., 2019
Autoimmune Encephalitis Treatment (article), L. Thomas, 2019
Drugs that quell brain inflammation reverse dementia., article Berkley News, 2019
Sleep disturbances are common in patients with autoimmune encephalitis, M. Blattner, et al. 2019
Current Knowledge On Hashimoto's Encephalopathy: A Literature Review, I. Pinedo-Torres, J. Luis Paz-Ibarra 2018
Treatment strategies for autoimmune encephalitis, K. Chu, et al., 2018
Autoimmune encephalitis epidemiology and a comparison to infectious encephalitis, E. Flanagan, et al., 2018
Autoimmune Encephalitis: Not Rare and Increasing, S. Pahlajani, 2018
When the body attacks the brain: Immune system often to blame for encephalitis, study finds, Mayo Clinic featuring E. Flanagan, 2018
Hashimoto's encephalitis associated with AMPAR2 antibodies: A case report, Y. Zhang et al, 2017
Early Immunotherapy Prevents Disability With Limbic Encephalitis, N.A. Melville, 2017
Hot topics of autoimmune encephalitis, J.W. Wang, et al., 2017
The Clinical Challenge of Autoimmune Psychosis: Learning from Anti-NMDA Receptor Autoantibodies, M. Leboyer, et al., 2017
Autoimmune encephalitis masquerading as psychosis: Diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, H. Pruess, et al., 2017
Treatable Immune System Disorder Could Be Mistaken For Schizophrenia or Bipolar Disorder (article), Houston Methodist featuring J. Masdeau, 2017
Autoimmune Encephalitis and Psychiatric Practice, K. Mansour, 2017
Autoimmune Encephalitis: Pathophysiology and Imaging Review of an Overlooked Diagnosis, B.P. Kelley et al., 2017
Neurobehavioral outcomes in autoimmune encephalitis, A. Yeshokumar, 2017
Evaluation and Management of Autoimmune Encephalitis: A Clinical Overview for the Practicing Child Psychiatrist, G. Mooneyham, et al., 2017
What is encephalitis? C. Nordqvist, 2017
Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis: Diagnostic Issues for Psychiatrists, (article) J. Brown, 2017
J.C. Probasco, et al., 2017
Utility of Neurodiagnostic Studies in the Diagnosis of Autoimmune Encephalitis in Children, B. Morgan Followell, 2016
Could Your Loved One Have Autoimmune Encephalitis? (article) E. Lancaster, 2016
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approach to Autoimmune Neurologic Disorders, E.P. Flanagan, et al., 2016
Intravenous immunoglobulin for autoimmune encephalitis, Turnkey Clinical Evidence Review Team on behalf of NHS England Specialised Commissioning, 2016
Autoimmune dementia and encephalopathy, B.F. Boeve, et al., 2016
Autoimmune Schizophrenia? Psychiatric Manifestations of Hashimoto's Encephalitis, A.S. Haider, et al., 2016
Risks and Benefits of Rituximab in the Treatment of Hashimoto Encephalopathy in Children: Two Case Reports and a Mini Review, A. van Royen-Kerkhof, et al., 2016
The Diagnosis and Treatment of Autoimmune Encephalitis, E. Lancaster, 2016
Recognizing anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis psychosis on the psych ward (article), B. Jancin, 2016
Autoimmune encephalopathies in children: diagnostic clues and therapeutic challenges, G. Olivieri et al., 2016
Autoimmune Encephalitis in Postpartum Psychosis, V. Bergink, et al., 2016
Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis: A New Challenging Entity for Consultation-Liaison Psychiatrist, G.E. Maccaferri, et al., 2016
Rituximab treatment for autoimmune limbic encephalitis in an institutional cohort, W.J. Lee, et al., 2016
The Clinical Approach to Encephalitis, T. Cho, et al., 2016
Brain Under Attack (article), C. Harbers 2016
From VGKC to LGI1 and Caspr2 encephalitis: The evolution of a disease entity over time, M.J. Titulaer, et al., 2016
A Neuropsychiatric Presentation of Seronegative Autoimmune Encephalitis: A Case Report, M. Fahmi Ismail, et al., 2015
Blood Brain Barrier Article:
Immune cells cross blood-brain barrier in multiple sclerosis (article), C. Paddock, 2017
Secretly Recording a Doctor's Visit: