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The diagnosis of HE makes it difficult for many to get proper treatment and insurance coverage.
There are so many unanswered questions:

What causes HE?
What is Sero Negative AE?
Why do many of us have so many other medical and autoimmune conditions?
Why the high thyroid antibodies?
Why do some of us respond to certain immunesuppresives and not others?
Why do some have relapse remitting and some full onset HE?
Why don't we have a detectable antibody? 
Hopefully we will soon have the answers to these questions
with more research.






Hashimoto's Encephalopathy, S. Chew, N. Nagagopal, 2019

An autoimmune cause of confusion in a patient with a background of hypothyroidism, L. Sardar, et al, 2019 

Seronegative Autoimmune Encephalitis – A Diagnostic and Therapeutic Dilemma, M. Netravathi 2019

Differences and diversity of autoimmune encephalitis in 77 cases from a single tertiary care center , A. Saraya, et al. 2019


Hashimoto's encephalopathy: Follow‐up data from neuropsychology, lumbar puncture, and FDG‐PETRonja Maria Birgitta Lagström, et al. 2019


Successful Intrathecal Rituximab Administration in Refractory Nonteratoma Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis: A Case Report. Casares M, et al. 2019

Editorial: Emerging Challenges in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Autoimmune Encephalitis, M. Blaabjerg, et al., 2019

The psychopathology of NMDAR-antibody encephalitis in adults: a systematic review and phenotypic analysis of individual patient data, A. Al-Diwani et al., 2019 

Atypical Autoimmune Encephalitis With Neuropil Antibodies Against a Yet Unknown Epitope, S.E. Thanarajah, et al., 2019

Autoimmune Encephalitis Treatment (article), L. Thomas, 2019

Drugs that quell brain inflammation reverse dementia., article Berkley News, 2019

Sleep disturbances are common in patients with autoimmune encephalitis, M. Blattner, et al. 2019

Cerebrospinal Fluid Findings in Patients With Autoimmune Encephalitis—A Systematic Analysis, Tetyana Blinder and Jan Lewerenz, 2019


Hashimoto's encephalitis associated with AMPAR2 antibodies: A case report, Y. Zhang et al, 2017

Early Immunotherapy Prevents Disability With Limbic Encephalitis, N.A. Melville, 2017

Plasmapheresis Responsive Rapid Onset Dementia with Predominantly Frontal Dysfunction in the Context of Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy, L.T. van Elst, et al., 2017

Hot topics of autoimmune encephalitis, J.W. Wang, et al., 2017

The Clinical Challenge of Autoimmune Psychosis: Learning from Anti-NMDA Receptor Autoantibodies, M. Leboyer, et al., 2017

Autoimmune encephalitis masquerading as psychosis: Diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, H. Pruess, et al., 2017

Treatable Immune System Disorder Could Be Mistaken For Schizophrenia or Bipolar Disorder (article), Houston Methodist featuring J. Masdeau, 2017

Autoimmune encephalitis in children: clinical phenomenology, therapeutics, and emerging challenges, RC Dale, 2017

Ethical Implications of the Mild Encephalitis Hypothesis of Schizophrenia, S. Muller, 2017

Autoimmune Encephalitis and Psychiatric Practice, K. Mansour, 2017

Autoimmune Encephalitis: Pathophysiology and Imaging Review of an Overlooked Diagnosis, B.P. Kelley et al., 2017

Neurobehavioral outcomes in autoimmune encephalitis, A. Yeshokumar, 2017

Evaluation and Management of Autoimmune Encephalitis: A Clinical Overview for the Practicing Child Psychiatrist, G. Mooneyham, et al., 2017

What is encephalitis? C. Nordqvist, 2017

Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis: Diagnostic Issues for Psychiatrists, (article) J. Brown, 2017

Abnormal brain metabolism on FDG-PET/CT is a common early finding in autoimmune encephalitis,

J.C. Probasco, et al., 2017

New treatment for a rare form of encephalitis: Researchers report success in treating anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis, F. Sheibe,2017


Thyroid Autoantibody Positive Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis, E. Kim, 2016


Utility of Neurodiagnostic Studies in the Diagnosis of Autoimmune Encephalitis in Children, B. Morgan Followell, 2016


A clinical approach to diagnosis of autoimmune encephalitis, J. Dalmau, et al. 2016

Could Your Loved One Have Autoimmune Encephalitis? (article) E. Lancaster, 2016

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approach to Autoimmune Neurologic Disorders, E.P. Flanagan, et al., 2016

Intravenous immunoglobulin for autoimmune encephalitis, Turnkey Clinical Evidence Review Team on behalf of NHS England Specialised Commissioning, 2016

Autoimmune dementia and encephalopathy, B.F. Boeve, et al., 2016

Autoimmune encephalitis: A more treatable tragedy if diagnosed early, T.L. Volmer et al., 2016

When The Body Attacks the Mind (article), M. Valesquez-Manoff, 2016

Autoimmune Schizophrenia? Psychiatric Manifestations of Hashimoto's Encephalitis, A.S. Haider, et al., 2016

Risks and Benefits of Rituximab in the Treatment of Hashimoto Encephalopathy in Children: Two Case Reports and a Mini Review, A. van Royen-Kerkhof, et al., 2016

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Autoimmune Encephalitis, E. Lancaster, 2016

Recognizing anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis psychosis on the psych ward (article), B. Jancin, 2016

Autoimmune encephalopathies in children: diagnostic clues and therapeutic challenges, G. Olivieri et al., 2016

Autoimmune Encephalitis in Postpartum Psychosis, V. Bergink, et al., 2016

Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis: A New Challenging Entity for Consultation-Liaison Psychiatrist, G.E. Maccaferri, et al., 2016

New-Onset Headache in Patients With Autoimmune Encephalitis Is Associated With anti-NMDA-Receptor Antibodies, C.J. Shankin 2016

Rituximab treatment for autoimmune limbic encephalitis in an institutional cohort, W.J. Lee, et al., 2016

When The Immune System Attacks the Brain – Case Files of a Young Female with Mania, S. Rege, 2016


The Clinical Approach to Encephalitis, T. Cho, et al., 2016

Brain Under Attack (article), C. Harbers 2016


From VGKC to LGI1 and Caspr2 encephalitis: The evolution of a disease entity over time, M.J. Titulaer, et al., 2016

Autoimmune encephalitis in psychiatric institutions: current perspectives, J. Honnorat, et al., 2016

Tocilizumab in Autoimmune Encephalitis Refractory to Rituximab: An Institutional Cohort Study,K.Chu, et al., 2016


Neuroinflammation and psychiatric illness, S. Najjar, et al., 2013

Scientific Research

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